Safflower, also known as Carthamus tinctorius, is native to North Africa and Asia, but is now cultivated all over the world.
Safflower is an annual herbaceous plant that can reach a height of 1.5 meters. It produces yellow, orange or red flowers which are used as a natural dye in the food industry. Safflower seeds are also used in food and feed and are rich in oil.
Safflower has interesting medicinal properties. Safflower oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids, including linoleic acid, which may help lower blood cholesterol levels and improve cardiovascular health. Safflower oil is also used in cosmetics for its moisturizing and emollient properties. Additionally, safflower is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including menstrual pain, abdominal pain, and headache. However, the health benefits of safflower still need more research.